There’s a reason that they say diamond’s are a girl’s best friend. This sparkling stone has captivated our hearts, and it only makes sense that we would want to wear it as a symbol of love. As you start searching for the perfect engagement ring, keep in mind the 4Cs—cut, color, clarity and carat— which are important to consider before deciding on your ring.
The cut of a diamond isn’t the shape or size of the diamond, but instead the proportions and angles of the stone. A well-cut diamond will have two factors: mirror-like facets and a “white light” that is reflected both internally and externally, which is what makes your engagement ring shine bright.
Fun fact: a structurally perfect white diamond has no hue. The degree of a diamond’s colorlessness is graded on a scale from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow), with colorless stones being the most valuable. As a general rule of thumb, a colorless diamond will cost more than a colored stone, unless the color is rare (such as green or red diamonds).
The less impurities or inclusions a diamond has, the clearer and more expensive it will be. Inclusions occur when the diamond forms in the earth’s mantle, as it was crystallized under heat and pressure, so while there are treatments that boast creating a clearer stone, an altogether “flawless” diamond is extremely rare.
Carats refer to the weight of the diamond. As the carat size increases, so does its rarity and, of course, its price tag. But a diamond that has a bigger carat weight doesn’t mean it will look bigger. A diamond with a smaller carat size but a shallow cut can look larger than a diamond with a bigger carat size and a deeper cut- it all depends on the different designs and mountings you choose for your diamond.
Learn more at The Knot.